DDU Gorakhpur University Syllabus and Program / Course Code of M. A. ( Political Science ) 1st year and M. A. ( Political Science ) 2nd year:-
In this article, I am sharing DDU Gorakhpur University Syllabus for MA Political Science.

M.A. II 
Paper –I, Contemporary Political Thought 

1- Utilitarian School: Bentham, J.S. Mill.
2- Idealist School: Hegel, Green, Bosanquet.
3- Socialist School: Marx, Lenin, Mao, Bernstein, Gramsci.
4- Existentialism: G.P. Sartre. 
5- New Left and Critical Theory. Herbert Marcuse and Habermas. 
6- Radical Humanist: M.N. Roy 
7- Humanist and Sarvodayist- Mahatma Gandhi, Jai Prakash.
8- Revivalist: Leo Strauss, Hannah Arendt, Michael Oakeshott.
9- Value Pluralism and Open Society, Berlin and Carl Popper, Contemporary Liberalism 
: John Rawls.

Books recommended: 
Michael H. Lessnoff: Political Philosophers of theTwentieth Century. 
W.T. Jones: Masters of Political Thought Vol. I & II 
John Plamenatz: Man and Society Vol I & II 
Leszek Kolakowski: Main Currents of Marxism 
Karl Marx: Das Capital Vol I, II, III 
Charles F. Andrews: Mahatma Gandhi: His Life and Ideas

M.A. II 
Paper-II, International Politics 

1- Meaning, Nature and Scope, Concept of Post-International Politics, State and Non-State 
2- Theories: Idealist Theory, Marxist Theory, Pluralist theory, and World state theory. 
Realist Theory, Decision-making Theory Systems Analysis. 
3- Balance of Power, Collective Security, Ideology, National Interest. 
4- Cold War, (New Cold War)] Second Cold War, Détente, Nonaligned Movement. 
5- Institutions and Organisations: United Nations, World Trade Organisation, World Bank. 
I.M.F. European Union, ASEAN, SAARC. 
6- Crises: Korean War, Suez Crisis, Cuban Crisis, Arab-Israel conflict, Gulf War (1991). 
7- Issues: Disarmament: N.P.T., New International Economic Order, North-South 
Dialogue, South-South Cooperation. 
8- Third World: Concept and Problems. 
9- Foreign Policy: Determinants, Formulation, and Execution, Foreign Policies of India, 
The U.S.A., U.K., France, Russia, and the People’s Republic of China. 
10- The World in the Twenty-First Century: Post Cold War developments in International 
Politics, Emerging Power Structure. 

Books Recommended: 
 K.J. Holsti: International Politics 
 Mahendra Kumar: Theoretical Aspects of International Politics 
 H.J. Morgenthau, Politics Among Nations 
 John Baylis and Steve Smith: The Globalization of W Politics 
 Joshua S. Goldstein: International Relations 
 Mervyn Frost: Ethics in International Relational 
 Theodore A. Couluoumbis, James H. Wolfe: Introduction to International Relations : 
Power and Justice 
 Peter Calvocoressi: World Politics since 1945 
 T. N. Kaul: Diplomacy in War and Peace. 
 Bimal Prasad: India’s Foreign Policy. 
 V. P. Dutt: Indian’s Foreign Policy science Independence 
 Harsh V. Pant: India’s Foreign Policy in a Unipolar World 
 Prof. S.P. M.Tripathi: India and ASEAN-10 
 Samuel P. Huntington: The Clash of Civilizations and the making of World Order.

M.A. II 
Paper-III, Indian Government Politics 

1. Historical background of the present Constitutional System, Role of B.R. Ambedkar in 
Constitution-making, Nature and Salient Features of the Indian Constitution, Indian 
federalism, Union-State Relations. 
2. Fundamental Rights and Duties, Directive Principles of State Policy. 
3. Union Executive: President, Cabinet, Prime Minister, 
4. Legislature: Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha, Supremacy of Parliament, Speaker of Lok Sabha. 
5. Judicial System: Supreme Court, Judicial Review, Judicial Activism. 
6. Party System, Pressure Groups, Public Opinion. 
7. Electoral System: Election Commission, Electoral Reforms, Voting behavior. 
8. Dynamics of Politics: Language, Caste, Religion. 
9. Politics of Defection, Minorities, Political Agitation. 
10. Secularism. 
11. ‘Politics of Amendment; Politics of President’s Rule. 
12. State Politics: Governor, Chief Minister, Party Politics with reference to U.P., Socio-
economic Determinations, Patterns and Emerging Trends of State Politics, Panchayati 
Raj System and its impact on State Politics. 

Books Recommended: 
 D.D. Basu, An Introduction to the Indian Consitution 
 M.V. Pyle, Constitution of India 
 Rajeev Bhargava, Politics and Ethics of the Indian Constitution 
 Rajni Kothari, Caste in Indian Politics 
 Rajni Kothari, Politics in India 
 S.M. Sayeed, Indian Political System 
 W.H. Morris Jones, Parliament in India 
 W.H. Morris Jones, The Government, and Politics of India 
 K.R. Bombwall, National Power and State Autonomy 
 Myron Weiner (ed.), State Politics in India 
 B.L. Fadia, Indian Govt. and Politics 
 Paul Brass, Politics in India since Independence 
 K. V. Rao, Parliamentary Democracy in India 

PAPER IV, Ancient Indian Political Thought 

1. Ancient Indian Political Theory: Sources, Thought, Features and Approaches to its 
2. The Hindu Conception of man and School of Thought-Vedanta and Buddhist Political 
Society, Theory of Karma, and Four Purusharthas. 
3. Ancient Indian Social Organisations. 
4. Conception of Rajdharma and Dandneeti in Shantiparva (Mahabharat). 
5. Political Ideas of Manu. 
6. Political Ideas of Kautilya. 

Books recommended:
1. U.N. Ghoshal, A History of Hindu Political Theories 

PAPER-IV, South Asian Political Systems 

 This will be a study of the Political systems of the South Asian countries except India viz. 
Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, Maldives. 
1. The Focus will be on the nature of the Political system, Structure, and working of the 
executive Legislature and Judicial System, Party Politics and basic Principles of Foreign 

PAPER IV, Indian Administration 

1. Evolution of Indian Administration-Kautilya, Mughal Period, British Period. 
2. Constitutional System: Constitution, Parliamentary Democracy, Federalism, Planning, 
3. Political Executive at the Union Level: President, Prime Minister, Council of Ministers, 
Cabinet Committees. 
4. Structure of Central Administration: Secretarial, Cabinet Secretariat, Ministries and 
Departments, Board and Commissions, Field Organisations. 
5. Centre-State Relations-Legislative, Administrative, Planning, and Financial. 
6. Public Services-All India Services, Central Services, State Services, Local Civil Services, 
Union and State Public Service Commissions, Training of Civil Services. 
7. Machinery for Planning: Plan Formulation at the National Level, National Development 
Council, Planning Commissions, Planning Machinery at the State and District Levels. 
8. Public Undertakings-Forms, Management, Control, and Problems. 
9. Control of Public Expenditure-Parliamentary Control, Role of the Financial Ministry, 
Comptroller and Auditor General. 
10. Administration of Law and Order: Role of Central and State Agencies in Maintenance of 
Law and Order. 
11. State Administration: Governor, Chief Ministers, Council of Ministers, Secretariat, Chief 
Secretary, Directorates. 
12. District and Local Administration: Role and Importance of District Collector, Land and revenue, Law and Order, and developmental functions. District Rural Development 
Agency, Special Development Programmes. 
13. Local Administration: Panchayati Raj, Urban Local Government Features, Forms, 
Problems, Autonomy of Local Bodies. 
14. Administration for Welfare: Administration for the Welfare of Weaker Sections with 
Particular Reference to Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, and Programmes for the 
The welfare of women. 
15. Issue Areas in Indian Administration: Relationship between Political and Permanent 
Executives, Generalist, and Specialist Participation in Administration. Redressal of 
Citizen’s Grievances, Lok Pal and Lok Ayuktas, Administrative Reforms in India.

PAPER-IV, International Law 

1. Meaning, Nature, Scope, Sources and Sanctions, Development and Codification, 
International Law and Municipal Law, Subject of International Law. 
2. State Territory, Recognition, Succession, Treaties. 
3. Modes and Method of Settlement of International Disputes, Intervention. 
4. Extradition, Diplomatic Envoys. 
5. Neutrality, Rights and Duties of Neutral State, Neutrality under the U.N. Charter. 
6. War, Laws of Warfare- Land, Aerial and Naval, Belligerent Occupation, War Crimes, 
Prisoners of War. 
7. Blockade, Contraband, Unneutral Service, Doctrine of Continuous voyage, Prize Courts. 
8. Human Rights: Concepts, Internationalization of Human Rights, Universal Declaration, 
U.N. Charter, Problems and Prospects of Human Rights in International Law. 

Books recommended: 
1. J G Starke, Introduction to International Law 
2. Oppenheim, International Law (Two Vols.) 
3. Fenwick, International Law 
4. Brierly, Law of Nations 
5. Kelsen, Principals of International Law 
6. Smith, Defects in the Law of Nations

PAPER-V, Modern Indian Political Thought 

1. Debate on Tradition and Modernity in the Nineteenth Century India and the Bengal 
Renaissance, Theoretical Perspectives on Imperialism, Colonialism, and Nationalism; the 
Western Impact on India. 
2. Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Keshav Chandra Sen, Bankim Chandra Chatterjee, Dayanand 
Saraswati, Vivekanand, Annie Besant. 
3. M.G. Ranadey, G.K.Gokhale.
4. B.G.Tilak, R.N.Tagore, Sri Aurobindo. 
5. M.K.Gandhi, Sant Vinoba Bhave, Jayaprakash Narayan. 
6. Sir Syed Ahmad Khan, Iqbal, Jawaharlal Nehru, B.R. Ambedkar and Deen Dayal 
7. R.M.Lohia, M.N. Roy. 

Books recommended: 
1. Bidyut Chakrabarty; Rajendra Kumar Pandey, Modern Indian Political Thought 

PAPER-V: India In World Affairs 

1. Indian National Congress and International Issues. 
2. Free India’s Interest in and Assistance to Movements for Independence in Asia and 
3. Formulation of Free India’s Foreign Policy. 
4. Basic Principles of India’s Foreign Policy. 
5. Nehru’s Role in India’s Foreign Policy. 
6. India and the Super Powers. 
7. India and the Commonwealth. 
8. India and the United Nations. 
9. India and her Neighbours. 
10. Sino-Indian Relations. 
11. India and the Non-Aligned Movement. 
12. India’s Nuclear Policy. 
13. Continuity and Change in India’s Foreign Policy in the Post-Nehru Era. 

Books Recommended: 
 Bimal Prasad: India’s Foreign Policy. 
 V. P. Dutt: Indian’s Foreign Policy science Independence 
 Harsh V. Pant: India’s Foreign Policy in a Unipolar World 
 Prof. S.P. M.Tripathi: India and ASEAN-10

PAPER-V, Advanced Local Government USA, UK, FRANCE, And INDIA 

1. Nature and Value of Local Government Institutions. Principle of Local Government; 
Decentralization, Democratic Decentralisation. 
2. Units of Local Government: Adhoc Vs All-Purpose Authority, Small Units Vs. Large 
Units. Determinations of Units, Power and Functions Theories and Methods of Granting 
3. Structure of Local Authority: Local Council, Committee System, Types of Chief 
Executive Administrative Machinery. 
4. Finance: Grants-in-Aid System, Borrowing, and Loan. 
5. Relations between Local and Higher Levels of Government. 
6. Metropolitan Cities and their Problems: New York, London, Paris, and New Delhi. 
7. Panchayati Raj Institutions and their Working with Special Reference to U.P. 

Books Recommended: 
 Carl J. Friedrick, Constitutional Government & Democracy 
 Alan R Ball, Modern Politics and Government 
C.F. Strong, Modern Government 
 H. Finer, Theory and Practice of Modern Government 
 Robert Dahl, Modern Political Analysis 

PAPER-V, International Organisation 

1. Meaning and Nature, Development of International Organisation. Factors contributing to 
the growth of the International Organisation. 
2. League of Nations: Origin and Organisation, Aims, and Objectives. 
3. Organs: Council, Assembly, Permanent Court of International Justice, Secretariat, 
Mandate System. 
4. Role of the League: Political and Security matters, Non-Political Field, Failure of the 
5. United Nations: Formation, Principles and Purposes, Membership, Principle Organs and 
their Functions Secretary-General, Power Politics and Bloc Politics in the Functioning of 
the U.N., United Nations and Human Rights, Codification and Guarantees of Human 
Rights, Achievements and Failures, Need for Reorganisation. 
6. Specialized Agencies: Meaning and Nature, Organisation and Functions of UNESCO, 
7. Regional Organisations.

Books recommended: 
1. B.N.Mezrich : International Organization: Structure and Process 
2. H.G. Nicholas: The United Nations as a Political Institution 
3. S.J.R. Bilgrami, International Organization: A view from within 
4. F. P. Walter, A Short History of League of Nations 
5. Quincy Wright, International Law, and United Nations 
6. M.J. Peterson, The General Assembly in World Politics 
Ajit M. Banerjee, Murashi R. Sharma Reinventing the United Nations. 

M.A. II 
IIIrd Semester 
Code No. – 305 
Group – D 
Total Marks: 50 
PAPER-V, International Organisation I 

Units of Detail Syllabus : 
Unit -I 
Concept, Meaning, and Nature of International Organization. 
Approaches to the study of International Organization. 

Unit -II 
Aims and Objectives, Problems and prospects of International Organisation. 
Factors contributing to the evolution of International Organisation. 

 League of Nations: Origin and Nature. 
 Aims and Objectives of the League. 

Unit -IV 
Principal organs and their functions: Council, Assembly, Permanent Court of 
International Justice, Secretariat, Mandate System. 

Unit -V 
Role of the League: Political and Security matters, Non-Political Field 
Success and Failures of the League.

M.A. II 
IVth Semester 
Code No. – 405 
Group – D 
Total Marks: 50 
PAPER-V, International Organisation II 

Unit -I 
United Nations: Formation, Principles and Purposes, Membership. 
Principle Organs and their Functions. 

Unit -II 
Secretary-General: Power, Functions, and Role. 
Power Politics and Bloc Politics in the Functioning of the U.N. 

United Nations and Human Rights, Codification and Guarantees of Human Rights, 
Achievements and Failures of the United Nations Need for Reorganisation. 

Unit -IV 
Specialized Agencies: Meaning and Nature. 
Organization and Functions of UNESCO, WHO, FAO, ILO. 

Unit -V
Regional Organisations and the United Nations. 

Program Code Program Name Course Code Course Name
8009 M. A. ( Political Science ) I year 80115 COMPARATIVE GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS
8009 M. A. ( Political Science ) I year 80117 PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
8009 M. A. ( Political Science ) II year 80118 ANCIENT INDIAN POLITICAL THOUGHT
8009 M. A. ( Political Science ) II year 80119 INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATION
8009 M. A. ( Political Science ) II year 80120 ADVANCED LOCAL GOVERNMENT
8009 M. A. ( Political Science ) II year 80121 INDIAN IN WORLD AFFAIRS
8009 M. A. ( Political Science ) II year 80122 MODERN INDIAN POLITICAL THOUGHT
8009 M. A. ( Political Science ) II year 80123 INTERNATIONAL LAW
8009 M. A. ( Political Science ) II year 80124 SOUTH ASIAN POLITICAL SYSTEM
8009 M. A. ( Political Science ) II year 80125 INDIAN GOVERNMENT & POLITICS
8009 M. A. ( Political Science ) II year 80126 INTERNATIONAL POLITICS
8009 M. A. ( Political Science ) II year 80127 POLITICAL THOUGHTS
8009 M. A. ( Political Science ) II year 80128 INDIAN ADMINISTRATION

M.A. (Previous) 
There shall be four Papers of 100 marks each. 
Paper I, History of Political Thought 

1. The Greek Political Tradition: Basic Features and Philosophical Presumptions, The Concept of Hierarchy, Order Nature and Convention, Socrates and Sophists, Plato, Aristotle, Epicureans, and the Stoics, Cicero. 
2. The Ancient Indian Political Tradition: Sources, Features, and Schools of Thought, Vedanta and Buddhist Political Thought, Manu, and Kautilya. 
3. Rise of Christian Political theory, Christian View of Man and the State: Augustine, Aquinas, and Marsiglio of Padua, Issues, and Stages of the Church State Controversy. 
4. The advent of Modernity in Political Theory: Machiavelli, Bodin. 
5. Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, Montesquieu, J.J.Rousseau, Edmund Burke. 

Books recommended: 
1. George H. Sabine, A History of Political Theory 
2. Ernest Barker, Greek Political Theory (Plato and his Predecessors) 
3. W.T. Jones, Masters of Political Thought Vol. I & II 
4. John Plamenatz: Man and Society Vol I & II 
5. W.A. Dunning, A History of Political Theories 
6. C.C. Maxey, Political Philosophies 
7. M.Q. Sibley, Political Ideas and Ideologies 
8. D.R. Bhandari,& RR. Plato and Aristotle 

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